Now November has sneaked up we’ve reached the final chances to make use of the last-latest harvests. There are few better ways to celebrate the ultimate hoorahs of the dying year than to pack them into hot jars. Jams, jellies, pickles, and chutneys will be our memorial to 2017 – carefully cloistered away for frozen days. At one time these arts might have seemed like a disappearing tradition – but it seems there is a fresh exuberance for the old ways – an antidote to a soul-free future.
Today we remember the Green-tomato…
Green Tomato Chutney
2.5kg (5lb) Sliced green tomatoes
500g (1lb) chopped onions
500g (1lb) soft brown sugar
1.25l (2pints) vinegar
250g (8oz) seedless raisins
250g (8oz) sultanas
15g (0.5oz) pepper
25g (1oz) salt
(makes about 4kg (8lb) chutney)
The day before you want to make the chutney, put the tomatoes, onions, salt, and pepper into a bowl. Mix and leave overnight (be warned – if left in the fridge take out anything impressionable as it is sure to taste of onions by the morning!).
The next day, put the sugar and vinegar in a big pan and bring to the boil. Add the raisins and sultanas and bring to the boil again, leaving for about five minutes to soften. Add the now pungent concoction of tomatoes and onions to the pan leaving out most of the fluid that had drawn from the veg overnight (if this is added – the chutney takes much longer to reduce and thicken).
Simmer everything until golden-brown, tender, and thickened, stirring every-so-often to stop the chutney sticking. This will take at least an hour… but probably more.
Whist the chutney is cooking, it’s a good idea to wash out the jars you will use and put them in the oven on a low heat to sterilise. When you are ready you can take the hot jars from the oven and carefully fill them with the hot chutney. As the chutney cools the air inside the jars will create a vacuum sealing them for future use.
Each Autumn the days shorten and yet each year this change hits like a conker to the head. Waking up when it’s still night – an uncomfortable body still yearning for sleep. If there ever was a time – ever – that the phrase ‘life is easy’ was EVER on anyone’s lips – it definitely wouldn’t be this time of the year.
But with all it’s heartache, the coming of winter hides gems like the damp dark walls of a diamond mine. Most of harvest is over but this is squash season. No other veg holds quite so much variety and wonder as the squash – swollen fruit on its vines – like multi-shaped and coloured lanterns to light the gloom. Also, sweet chestnuts are falling to the ground like comets and bursting open to show crisp sweet flesh in the most luxurious packaging. Not to forget the unparalleled scent of the season – fallen leaves, autumn fruits, damp moss like a thousand spices in a kitchen drawer.
As the days grow colder and nights longer – not everything is as bad as it seems. Nothing can compare to returning home on a chilly evening to cosy up in the warm with a feeling that you need to be nowhere else in the world.
Last week we took our first harvest of honey from our bees….
After the worry of the hive not being able to eat honey all winter, and another storey of a crowded hive of moody bees in spring, followed by a tempestuous summer of swarming resulting in a new hive and swarm though not quite honey for nothing – it is difficult to believe we finally arrived at white combs filled with sweet honey from our beehives inside the heart of St. Peter’s Community Garden.
Now to do it all again with a little more knowledge and with fresh motivation from a little more sugar in our blood!
The Harvest this year has brought some surprises. Notably the Jerusalem artichokes. For months we looked at the bare earth in the vegetable bed by the pond at St. Peter’s Community Garden wondering what had happened to the artichokes we had planted. If the internet is ever to be trusted, the Jerusalem artichoke is a sinch to grow – so easy that they can become invasive, towering plants popping from any mislaid tuber; so easy that their growers grow sick of eating them, cursing the day they ever put them in the ground.
So where were ours? Had the tubers rotted in the damp Welsh soil? Had slugs swallowed the seedlings before any chance of development?
We needn’t have worried. The plants were slow starters but are now thick stemmed and over six foot. Though really a winter crop – usually harvested around November – last week our impatience dug one up. Amongst the roots hung a mass of pinky tubers. They might not be everyone’s favourite veg – due to strong earthy flavour and ‘fartichoke’ notoriety – but they are delicious roasted and taste excellent paired with sage.
We are looking forward to growing sick of their great numbers!
A photo from this date in June. Two months have passed and so has the wild-flower meadow at St. Peter’s Community Garden – in part trampled last week whilst desperate volunteers tried to hoist a favourite apple tree back onto its feet after the wind and the weight of its fruit brought it to its knees. Now temporarily staked it might be saved.
The pond also required a helping hand. The newest section had a build up of algae that had to be cleared. After the pond had been entered and the sheets of algae were being collected it became clear that leaves from the oak had already begun to litter the bottom. How long ago did the tadpoles grow limbs and leave?
This feels like an entry for the middle of autumn – not the last weeks of summer – but it might be time to accept that summer has come to an end. Though it was short – there were still a few good days to remember and by working in the garden we luckily did not miss them.
Regular readers might have noticed a silence over the past month. This was not The Greenhorned Gardener giving up already but was due to a trip to the distant land of Japan. Although photo proof of a simple yet perfectly balanced and thought provoking Japanese garden would have been ideal – The Greenhorned Gardener is notoriously bad at remembering to take photos.
After a month away from St. Peter’s community garden, change is inevitable – though it still comes as a surprise. The runner beans are plentiful, Onions swollen and ready to dry, ears of corn formed, some perennials ready to cut back, the flower meadow gone over, and ironically a whole crop Japanese wineberries have been and gone.
All these changes are easy to come to terms with – even the new vigorous growth of bindweed. However the crop of tomatoes smothered by blight is disappointing. The only option is to pull out every plant and remove them from the garden or burn them. Sadly crop rotation didn’t prevent tomato Armageddon save a few healthy plants tucked away in the fallout shelter of the greenhouse. Even the Pink Fir Apple potatoes in the bed closest to the pond are touched by it and apparently worsening. Luckily – underground – the potatoes have formed enough to be rescued and enjoyed. In Japan potatoes seem to be at a premium – sold in tiny packs of three – so digging for our home grown is like uncovering a Celtic gold hoard.
Although only the middle of August – a feeling of Autumn hangs in the air already. Though it might be a little early, the cool drizzly days are welcomed after 35 degrees plus with lung filling humidity of southern Japan.
Last week professionals came to help remove a tree at St. Peter’s Community Garden to make space for a new greenhouse. When the volunteers arrived the tree was fast being dismantled – sawdust floating down like spring blossoms. To our amazement by 10:30 they had finished – clearing up the matter of ‘what is the fastest way to the top of a tree if sitting on an acorn isn’t the fastest way?’
With the tree down it was now the turn of the volunteers to cut branches to manageable sizes and move everything to the working area of the garden. This would not have been an easy task even in optimum weather – as it was the sun was gloating about there being a summer this year raising the temperature to above 25 degrees. The heat was accompanied by its friend high humidity, and what seemed like a plague of horseflies taking passing mouthfuls of hot, sticky limbs. It was not an easy task but once momentum had been built every scrap had been moved by lunchtime the next day.
Through a common lunchtime discussion of superheroes and their latest films we came to realise we had moved an entire tree by raw strength alone. Now, although we hadn’t pulled the tree from the ground and carried it whole – in that moment the accomplishment felt just as grand making everyone feel a little bit super.
These last few weeks at St. Peter’s community garden have shown us a little reward for the work we’ve done this year. From a summer meadow shot through with colour to successful crops of peas, beans, and fruit.
Our strawberries seem to swell, blush, ripen to red, and go over in one day with weather as warm as we’ve experienced recently. With crops so fleeting, it feels as though summer moves more quickly than we can in this heat.
Though we can’t slow the seasons we have some tricks. A pan of bubbling jam can mine for memories that have been long forgotten. Why do softening gooseberries smell so familiar and comforting? And when the jars are opened as far away as Autumn or Winter – one taste and the sun will come out and make us feel a little happier.
As for now, it seems there is enough for a small taste…
Last week half the bees in the community garden hive decided to move house. Without a house to move to they took to the skies, flicked about on tiny wings, their wide orbit of the queen shortening as they made their final decision to group in a small tree a few meters from the hive they’d left – now a quiet village of bees doggedly rearing a new queen.
When half a hive swarms, the swarm can be caught. It’s hard to imagine catching a swarm unless you’ve witnessed it before. It was new to us but once the bees had settled – hung in a cone-shape – they didn’t fly but clung to one another and moved and dripped like honey. Now all that was needed was a box – only cardboard but with a structure that could hold some of the combs from the original hive. It was as simple as holding the box underneath the swarm and giving the branch one good hard shake. The bees fell into the box and splashed over the beekeepers. With the main bulk of the bees in the box with the queen, the stragglers turned and marched towards the hole in the front that served as an entrance.
Unfortunately, it’s not as simple as putting them in a new hive next to the original. If we did that the bees would become confused and return to the swarming-tree. Instead we have had to move them carefully one meter each day towards their final destination. A patient approach made difficult by the rain that now hoofs down on our bees with minimal shelter.
But fingers crossed, by the end of this week we’ll have two happy hive and hopefully more honey… though not quite for nothing!
Last week seems like last year whilst writing today under blue skies with days of Summer weather forecast. Much of last week’s working days were spent inside, sorting the new tool shed and some light weeding when the rain eased. Rain has a bad reputation; the soaker of clothes, spoiler of bank-holidays, ruiner of picnics. With rain life can feel greyer, dreary, and melancholic.
With last week’s rain, St Peter’s Community Garden became Nirvana for all its slug and snail occupants. Their skin glistened with damp slime as they munched and munched their way through beans and brassicas, growing fat on the bounty that the good weather had brought.
The weeds took advantage of the water too, exploding through the flower beds. A crowd now covering our precious plants and boldly threatening to take over the world. This blatant aggression appeared to rub off of the lawns – they became unruly and uncooperative.
But despite rain causing play to halt, enemies to invade, and a mutiny to break out, we welcomed it with parched arms following a April that defied all logic. Next week we will control the lawns, pull the weeds, and repair the damage to vegetables that were thankfully relatively strong. Once the jobs have been done we will see that the rain has brought strength and vigour to the desirable things in the garden as well as the not so desirable!